Linux Based Virtual Machine using AWS EC2 Instance

Linux Based Virtual Machine using AWS EC2 Instance

Amazon Web Services is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided by Amazon. The technology allows subscribers to have at their disposal a full-fledged virtual cluster of computers, available all the time, through the Internet. AWS’s version of virtual computers have most of the attributes of a real computer including hardware (CPU(s) & GPU(s) for processing, local/RAM memory, hard-disk/SSD storage); a choice of operating systems; networking; and pre-loaded application software such as web servers, database, etc.

In this article I will show you the step wise procedure on how to create and run Linux based Virtual Machine and host MQTT broker on the same.

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud(EC2) is the Amazon Web Service you use to create and run virtual machines in the cloud. AWS calls these virtual machines ‘instances’.

Step 1 — Launch Amazon EC2 Instance

a. Open Amazon EC2 Console and then click Launch Instance to create and configure your virtual machine.

Step 2 — Configure your Instance

a. In this screen, you are shown options to choose an Amazon Machine Image (AMI). AMIs are preconfigured server templates you can use to launch an instance. Each AMI includes an operating system, and can also include applications and application servers.

For this tutorial select Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS(HVM)

b. You will now choose an instance type. Instance types comprise of varying combinations of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capacity so you can choose the appropriate mix for your applications. For more information, see Amazon EC2 Instance Types.

The default option of t2.micro should already be checked. This instance type is covered within the Free Tier and offers enough compute capacity to tackle simple workloads. Click Review and Launch at the bottom of the page.

c. You can review the configuration, storage, tagging, and security settings that have been selected for your instance. While you have the option to customize these settings, we recommend accepting the default values for this tutorial.

Click Launch at the bottom of the page.

d. On the next screen you will be asked to choose an existing key pair or create a new key pair. A key pair is used to securely access your Linux instance using SSH. AWS stores the public part of the key pair which is just like a house lock. You download and use the private part of the key pair which is just like a house key.

Select Create a new key pair and give it the name MyKeyPair. Next click the Download Key Pair button.

After you download the MyKeyPair key, you will want to store your key in a secure location. If you lose your key, you won’t be able to access your instance. If someone else gets access to your key, they will be able to access your instance.

Select your operating system below to see instructions on where to save your SSH key.

Windows users: We recommend saving your key pair in your user directory in a sub-directory called .ssh (ex. ssh -i’c:user{yourusername}.sshMyKeyPair.pem’ ubuntu@{Public IP Address}).

Tip: You can’t use Windows Explorer to create a folder with a name that begins with a period unless you also end the folder name with a period. After you enter the name (.ssh.), the final period is removed automatically.

Mac/Linux users: We recommend saving your key pair in the .ssh sub-directory from your home directory (ex. ~/.ssh/MyKeyPair.pem).

Tip: On MacOS, the key pair is downloaded to your Downloads directory by default. To move the key pair into the .ssh sub-directory, enter the following command in a terminal window: mv ~/Downloads/MyKeyPair.pem ~/.ssh/MyKeyPair.pem

After you have stored your key pair, click Launch Instance to start your Linux instance.

e. Click View Instances on the next screen to view your instances and see the status of the instance you have just started.

f. In a few minutes, the Instance State column on your instance will change to “running” and a Public IP address will be shown. You can refresh these Instance State columns by pressing the refresh button on the right just above the table. Copy the Public IP address of your AWS instance, so you can use it when we connect to the instance using SSH in Step 3.

Step 3 — Connect to your Instance

After launching your instance, it’s time to connect to it using SSH.

Mac/Linux Users

Your Mac or Linux computer most likely includes an SSH client by default. You can check for an SSH client by typing ssh at the command line. If your computer doesn’t recognize the command, the OpenSSH project provides a free implementation of the full suite of SSH tools that you can download.

a. Mac users: Open a terminal window by pressing Command + Space and typing terminal in the search window. Then press enter to open the terminal window.

Linux users: Open a terminal window.

b. Use the chmod command to make sure your private key file is not publicly viewable by entering the following command: chmod 400 ~/.ssh/mykeypair.pem to restrict permissions to your private SSH key.

You do not need to do this every time you connect to you instance, you only need to set this once per SSH key that you have.

c. Use SSH to connect to your instance. In this case the user name is ec2-user, the SSH key is stored in the directory we saved it to in step 2 part d, and the IP address is from step 2 part f. The format is ssh -i {full path of your .pem file} ec2-user@{instance IP address}.

Mac/Linux users: Enter ssh -i ~/.ssh/MyKeyPair.pem ec2-user@{IP_Address}(ex. ssh -i ~/.ssh/MyKeyPair.pem ec2-user@52.27.212.125)

You’ll see a response similar to the following:

The authenticity of host ‘ec2–198–51–100–1.compute-1.amazonaws.com (10.254.142.33)’ can’t be established. RSA key fingerprint is 1f:51:ae:28:df:63:e9:d8:cf:38:5d:87:2d:7b:b8:ca:9f:f5:b1:6f. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

Type yes and press enter.

You’ll see a response similar to the following:

Warning: Permanently added ‘ec2–198–51–100–1.compute-1.amazonaws.com’ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

You should then see the welcome screen for your instance and you are now connected to your AWS Linux virtual machine in the cloud.

Windows Users

Download MobaXterm for Windows here.

a. Open MobaXterm and click on session on top left corner.

b. On the new screen click SSH

c. Enter the public IP address assign at the EC2 instance and enter name as ubuntu.

d. Click Advanced SSH Settings to select the key pair being downloaded as saved in the home directory named .ssh

e. Click OK and wait till the following page appears. It shows you are successfully connected to the instance created.

“Linux Based Virtual Machine using AWS EC2 Instance” Posted first on ” Technology on Medium “
Author: Jaydev Dave

Author: Pawan Kumar

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